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Unit 5 – Future of Computing


Items In This Unit

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Voice Assistants
  • Google Glass
  • Augmented Reality
  • Neuralink
  • Quantum Computing
  • Internet of Things (IoT)

Artificial Intelligence

  • What is Artificial Intelligence?

    Artificial intelligence or simply AI is a part of computer science responsible for the creations of smart machines capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence.

  • Why should I know about Artificial Intelligence?

    Artificial intelligence is found almost everywhere. You can see it in your smartphone, in your car, on your television set, in your thermostat, in your smart speaker, and many other places.

Voice Assistants

  • A voice assistant is a digital assistant that performs tasks based on user voice commands.
  • How do Voice Assistants work?


Google Glass

  • Lightweight wearable computer with a transparent display for hands-free work
  • The first version failed to gain traction
  • The second generation, Glass Enterprise Edition, is gaining traction in factories and warehouses
  • Big companies such as GE, Boeing, DHL, and Volkswagen have started using this technology on a large scale

 


Virtual Reality

  • Virtual Reality (VR) is a computer-simulated environment experienced through specialized 3D headgear
  • VR places the user inside an immersive virtual 3D world
  • VR applications are typically for entertainment or education.

 


Augmented Reality

  • Augmented reality, AR, is a type of VR technology
  • According to Wikipedia, Augmented reality is an interactive experience of a real-world environment where the objects that reside in the real world are enhanced by computer-generated perceptual information, sometimes across multiple sensory modalities, including visual, auditory, haptic, somatosensory and olfactory.

 


Neuralink

  • New brain microchip company founded by Elon Musk
  • Neuralink is developing ultra-high bandwidth brain-machine interfaces to connect humans and computers.


Quantum Computing

  • Back in the 1970s, Gordon E. Moore, the co-founder of Intel, made an observation that the number of transistors on a microchip doubles about every 18 to 24 months while the cost of computers is halved. This observation became known as the Moore’s Law
  • Over the years, computer scientists realized that Moore’s Law can’t go on forever.
  • To overcome the limitation of conventional transistor-based computers, scientists are working hard to create quantum computers.
  • Moore’s Law does not apply to quantum computers.
  • Conventional computers perform calculations using “bits” of information, which, like on-and-off switches, can exist in only two states: either 1 or 0. Quantum computers use quantum bits, or “qubits,” which can exist as both 1 and 0 simultaneously.
  • Qubits represent atoms, ions, photons or electrons and their respective control devices that are working together to act as computer memory and a processor.
  • Quantum computing relies on quantum bits, or “qubits”, which can also represent a 0 or a 1. The crazy thing is, qubits can also achieve a mixed state, called a “superposition” where they are both 1 and 0 at the same time. This ambiguity – the ability to both “be” and “not be” – is key to the power of quantum computing
  • In a quantum computer, two qubits can also represent the exact same four states (00, 01, 10, or 11). The difference is, because of superposition, the qubits can represent all four at the same time. That’s a bit like having four regular computers running side-by-side.

 


Internet of Things (IoT)

  • In simple terms, IoT is about every device that is connected to the Internet
  • IoT refers to the billions of physical devices around the world that are now connected to the internet, all collecting and sharing data.
  • For example, many appliances are built with tiny computers (e.g. raspberry pi) which collect and send data about their current state

 


Further Research:


Unit Quiz:

Answer the following questions: 

  1. Can you define what is artificial intelligence?
  2. What are qubits?
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