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Unit 2 – Types of Video Games

Items In This Unit


  • Introduction
  • Maze games
  • Fighting games
  • Platformer games
  • First Person Shooter games
  • Board games
  • Sports games
  • Educational games


A video game genre is a specific game classification and is open to subjective interpretation. A particular game may belong to several genres. While there are many video game genres, we will cover some of the more popular game genres.

Maze Games

  • The maze game genre is still one of the most popular genres
  • It describes any game in which the entire playing field is a maze.
  • In order to beat the maze player action is required while escaping and outracing monsters
  • Some maze games use time limits as the main challenge
  • By far the most popular maze game is Pac-man which has been ported on most if not all popular game consoles as well as arcade machines

Fighting Games

  • A fighting game genre is perhaps one of the most popular as it is based around close combat between one or more characters, in a fixed or limited environment.
  • The characters fight each other until they defeat their opponents or the designated fight time expires.
  • Some of the most popular fighting games include:
    • Soul Calibur (Bandai Namco Entertainment)
    • Streets of Rage (Sega)
    • Tekken (Bandai Namco Entertainment)
    • Mortal Combat (Mortal Combat)

Platformer Games

  • Platform games or platformers are subgenres of the action game genre.
  • The player-controlled character must jump and climb between suspended platforms while avoiding obstacles.
  • The player has some control over jumps and general movement direction to avoid obstacles and/or various enemies.
  • The most popular platform game is Nintendo’s Super Mario

First Person Shooter

  • Genre for games with gun and/or other weapon combat in a first-person perspective
  • The player experiences the action through the eyes of the game’s hero
  • Currently one of the most popular genres




Board Games

This genre is for a video game mimicking real-life board games. Some of the most popular ones include:

  • Chess
  • Backgammon
  • Scrabble
  • Monopoly
  • Othello
  • Trivial Pursuit

Sports Games

The sports games genre has come a long way in providing realistic virtual sports action

  • Most sports have been recreated with a video game, including team sports, and track and field
  • Major sports games publishers include:
    • Electronic Arts
    • Sega
    • 2K Games

Educational Games

  • The educational game’s genre has become a part of many school curriculums
  • While not strictly for children, educational games foster the learning of specific subject areas such as Math, English and Sciences
  • Educational games reinforce traditional learning
  • Educational games use elements of other game genres in an effort to make learning fun and easy





Previous Unit 1 – Brief History of Video Games
Next Unit 3 – Game Design Concepts

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